The Security Force Monitor’s current dataset is a “snapshot” of the structure of the police in Egypt as of September 2016 and military forces in 2011. Additional research on Egypt is dependent on funding and priorities of partners concerned about the human rights practices of the security forces of Egypt. If you have public data that can add to our coverage or need support in your investigations, please get in touch: info [at] securityforcemonitor.org
Egypt has security forces with different responsibilities for internal security. Crime fighting is the prime responsibility of the General Investigations Police. The Central Security Forces (CSF) are tasked with policing public events and demonstrations, but may also be used in other internal security operations.
Administratively, Egypt is broken up into 27 governorates each of which is headed by a governor who is appointed by the president. The number of governorates has varied over time, with several governorates being created and then disbanded in recent years.
The General Investigations Police is the national police force of Egypt. The President of Egypt is the supreme commander of the police, which are housed inside of the Ministry of Interior. Police in each governorate are under the command of the Security Directorate of that governorate (headed by a Security Director) who in turn reports to the Governor. Organizationally, most police operate from one of the approximately 1700 Police Stations.
The Central Security Forces (CSF) is a specialized force focused on “anti-riot” activities, meaning they are generally deployed to police protests or other public gatherings. The CSF sits inside of the Ministry of Interior.
The Egyptian military, particularly the army, plays a key role in politics and general security affairs. There are four major branches of the military, the Army, the Air Force, Air Defense Force and the Navy, all of which fall under the Ministry of Defense. Operationally, the main formations of the army are the Field Armies and Military Zones. Smaller units that report up to the relevant Field Armies or Military Zones are Divisions, Brigades and Battalions.